NeK is also referred to as the spinning count. Liebe Grüße, Thanks for the link. Looking closely, you can see that the threads are of similar thickness and that the linen has “holes” between the threads. The strength is greater than cotton fiber. Linen varies from a creamy white to greyish brown, the depth of colour depending largely on the time and condition of retting. So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. The shop Sophie Passion is in Bayeux. I’m happy that The Unbroken Thread is a good resource for you. Or at least buy a small amount and work with the fabric. Hi Sarah, I agree with you about the threads vs the openness of the weave. Advice? Hopefully another reader in South Arica will let us all know a good source for the kind of linen you’re looking for. High Density Blue Soiled Linen Liners. Here is the link. Higher end linen sheets may cost up to hundreds of dollars, while lower quality linen sheets can … If you understand that the “count” means threads per inch then converting from a European to a North American thread count isn’t difficult. Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. Liebe Grüße, Here’s what each weight is good for: Kathy. It’s soft. The color sound luscious! While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. What is the big secret?! You’ll know what that means too!=). The tex system has units measured in grams (g) per 1,000 metres (m). Fabric density indicates the number of warp yarns and weft yarns in 1 inch2. Lastly the linen from Luzine Happel. Use for linen has changed in time and especially in the last 30 years. Linen is our canvas and I have to say that as a surface embroiderer it is very frustrating trying to find a high count, quality linen. Property Paper Canvas Linen PHYSICAL D792 Density (lb/in³) (g/cm³) 0.049 1.35 0.050 1.37 0.048 1.34 D570 Water Absorption, 24 hrs (%) 2.0 2.5 1.8 MECHANICAL D638 Tensile Strength (psi) -lengthwise -crosswise 15,000 12,000 11,000 9,000 13,000 9,000 D790 Flexural Strength (psi)-lengthwise -crosswise 16,000 13,200 17,500 15,000 22,000 16,000 In the direct system, the linear density of plied yarn is the simple summation of linear densities of the individual components, i.e. Price … NeS is an indirect measure of linear density. Although it’s a relatively high count (but not the highest!) This is the linen that Madame Chantel, the owner of the shop, uses in her kits. That way the cross stitches will created the design correctly. Your collective knowledge is far greater than mine! NeK is an indirect measure of linear density. They are more expensive than Aida, but a nicer hand, and easier to do “over one” or half cross stitches. Liebe GrüSe, Looking at the excellent close up photos, I’d say this linen IS evenweave, though you’d have to be careful as a lot of it isn’t. There are several different brands and they look very similar to what you have pictured. The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. The linen from Borderie Bayeux is found in an odd place – under “other product” then go to “wool” and you will find it. because the threads are tight and compact, the linen has those “holes”. In the past, we’ve explained the importance of thread count, and what it means for bed linen and textiles. Glad the post helped so many of you! And yes, the linen available from Sue Hawkins is a bit lighter weight, with almost a sheen to it (not glossy) but not flimsy, and works up beautifully. An unbroken thread of women, stitching quietly, their minds pondering, considering, thinking, deliberating...for ages and ages. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. Be the first to write a review. Hi Dianne, Oatmeal colored linen? Comments? Hi Wendy, Linen spinning did not really progress until James Kay of Preston invented &lsquowet spinning&rsquo in 1825. Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. It becomes softer and more lustrous with use and laundering, so that a fine, long used piece of linen may have almost th… Flax/Linen Source. Let’s talk about linen. Aida is too stiff and I haven’t worked with it for probably 30 plus years now. Kathy. The next photo is of two linens for the Bateau Bayeux project. It was a necessary skill, it was an accomplishment, it was a chance to appear to be active while giving ones mind free rein to consider, to think. I bought it at Sophia Passion in Bayeux. Required fields are marked *. Fabric density helps explain the thickness of textile products. To help you remember here is a little rhyme I was taught: “Weft runs right to left”) The linen has a beautiful hand. Details & FREE Returns Return this item for free. Es ist teuer! The golden cast really brings out the colors in the wools. PHENOLIC SHEET - GRADE LE Linen sheets per Mil-I-24768/13, LE, Linen, LP 509, MIL P 15035, Type FBE, mil-p-18177 is available through the Professional Plastics website. For all other counts, the higher the number the thinner the yarn. Kathy. She also suggests that beginners (like me) use 14 threads/cm linen. While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. Fabric density at least for Irish linens that make them seem warmer than wool alternatives . The packing density thus obtained cannot be separated from the associated pressure drop expression and does not, in any case, translate the real value of the packing density of the cake. It’s called a natural linen.The color is similar to the plant after it’s been processed. “Finer linen demands good eyesight, perseverance and practice”. Here is a completely different linen from the first two. I’m going to go check it out right now! I think that a good quality linen makes all the difference to the outcome of my stitching projects as well as being a pleasure to work with. The higher the GSM, the heavier the towel and the softer and more absorbent. While the thread count is a measurement of the number of threads in a given area – that is, how tightly woven the threads are – the fabric density is another measurement indicating how much fibre is in a metre square, thereby allowing us to determine how strong and thick a fabric is. We specialize in supplying timeless stylish, designer-quality pure organic linen bedding for your home. Hi Catcus, no voids). Thread counts range from as low as 20 threads per inch as used in tobacco cloth to as high as 350 threads per inch, found in typewriter ribbon fabrics. Yes sounds luscious, but if you put fruity and spicy colored floss on top it would look absolutely delicious! In Tex, Denier, Decitex, Linen, Hemp, Jute, Woollen (Aberdeen) and Woollen (US grain); the higher the number the thicker the yarn. You are -as is often the case – one step ahead of me! It’s s frustrating not to be able to find what you need locally and easily isn’t it? Herzlichen Dank, Kathy, yes 50ct would be fine enough. A field of linen in the French sunshine takes my breath away! And the higher the GSM, the more expensive the towel. GSM ranges from 300 to 900. The biggest difficulty about linen is where to buy it. Sounds like what you have now it far superior! As for buying expensive fabric…well. Flax is an annual plant, which means it only lives for one growing season. Physical Properties of Linen: Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Color: The color of linen fiber is yellowish to grey. Linen is sold according to thread count. How many threads there are per inch or centimetre determines the number (and is the density) of the linen. NeL or Lea (Linen Count): The number of 300 yards (270 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. I think it’s a beautiful color and looks fabulous when stitched with white or red and white threads. Her linen comes from a German supplier who she has an agreement with and I had to order through her. Kathy, Mmm, I wonder if I do get through that much fabric?? Be the first to write a review. Specified lengths of yarn are wound on reels as skein, and then weighed. I would love a small sample of the 2 linens you mentioned, thanks for your offer!=) You have my e-mail attached to this comment, so feel free to drop me a line when you have a moment and we can arrange it. I agree with you about not being able to touch and feel the linen when I purchase on-line. I made this Linen Cloth Farming guide to help out players who want to farm the cloths instead of buying them from the Auction House. I look forward to your next posts. There is a post coming up about the shop in Bayeux called Broderie Bayeux and, yes, she does sell the linen.By the way, I think I answered via email but I may have missed it with school getting ready to start (tomorrow aarrgghh!) I thought the first linen I showed you (photo 2) was incredible when I open the package. If anyone can enlighten us further, please let us know via the comments. This linen isn’t “heavy” but it drapes like a heavy linen. Share it with us! Tina of @tinasosna on Untreated Materials, Melanie of @melanie.licht on Fast Growing Materials. I used to do loads of cross stitch. the cross stitch linen is typically labelled as “evenweave”. How many threads there are per inch or centimetre determines the number (and is the density) of the linen. Thanks for the site in Australia and in Italy – we have people from all over so it helps to have as many resources as possible! As of 2010, lower-end linen, which is rougher than a more finely woven linen, can be found for $12.98 a yard. Thank you so much for the lesson on linen! It is GORGEOUS linen. Really enjoyed this post. Thank you for the info re: linen available at Broderie Bayeux. The cost of linen varies widely and depends on the quality of the fibers used and the density of the weave. What is fabric density, and how is it different to thread count? Figured it out gradually by trial and error, and M. Corbet’s blog was a big help. Its primary use is to compare the weight of certain textile products for which the thread count does not provide sufficient information; for example, whether a given product is suitable for warm or cold seasons. The linen on the right comes from Broderie Bayeux and it’s count is 60! It’s a natural fabric that comes from a plant with beautiful blue flowers. Granted, the holes aren’t very big – compare them to the pin! The density, also called volumic mass or mass density, is the mass per unit volume and has ρ as its symbol. This is a linen that one sees often in French embroidery. How it feels is as important to me as the count. I agree. Kathy, You probably go through more fabric than I do so cost is a primary consideration. When I go to purchase linen is says something like “16 Fäden/cm” on the label. Would the linen I showed you today from Luzine Happel – be a high enough count for the doll house sized things your thinking about? It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. The higher the thread count or number, the more densely the linen is woven. I think the hardest thing about buying linen online is that you can’t touch it. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter. Liebe Grüße, Elongation at break: Linen does not stress easily. I really want to try some surface embroidery projects on linen, I have heard so much about it. The ideal weight for linen sheets is between 175 and 190 grams per square meter. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. In the USA it’s measured in threads per inch. Is cross stitch linen different? It sound like it is lighter weight maybe…? Another term is specific gravity, which is the ratio of the mass of a fiber material and the mass of an equal volume of water (density 1g/cm3). SO again, and to you personally just in case… the density values for all three fabrics are the same because they are composed of equivalent volume fractions of the same materials. Good on you for being particular and doing things properly. Learn how your comment data is processed. Then I opened the second package and saw this linen: it’s only 50 count linen as opposed to the 60 count from Broderie Bayeux, but the threads are much more plump. I went to Happel’s and Bayeux website but did not see the linen that either use so that I can purcase. Most of the books I’ve seen talk about using only up to 40ct, but, whilst that’s going to produce something smaller, I kinda feel it’s not quite small enough to be really convincing 1:12 scale. To figure out the inches to cm count, divide the “count” by 2.54 and you will have the European size), 14 threads/cm (35 count) white linen Sophia Passion. Great post Kathy – very helpful. Kathy. For example, to convert the density from meters per square meter into miles per square meter, multiply the output density by a factor of 1,609.344 (the numbers of meters in a mile). Yarn linear density is often measured using standard test method ASTM D1907. Thank you very much for the helpful information about the various counts and types of linen. It’s right under the word “Home”. GSM is to towels what thread count is to sheets. Kathy. Grrrr Benefits of linen Linen is a very durable fibre and has many benefits over cotton.- Linen is 30% stronger than cotton- Has a high moisture absorbency- Hypo-allergenic Top quality flax is primarily grown in Western Europe. That’s about when I was doing cross stitch – 30 years ago! What can I say RMW? This linen is 12 threads/cm or 30 count linen. It is a measurement that provides the base weight of the fabric, given as a value of grams per square metre. I decided to search for places with high density of mobs which I can kill and drop [Linen Cloth].I traveled around Azeroth, and after a while I made a list of places. linear density (R) = T1 + T2 + T3 + … + TN, where T1, T2 … TN are the linear densities of n individual components expressed in tex. NeL is an indirect measure of linear density. I’m always on the lookout for an openweave linen with a high thread count, say between 50 and 60 threads per inch for pulled work. I often consider myself an ‘honorary German’ in that I do like to do things properly. The linen above is 14 threads/cm OR 35 count white linen. This is more than a simple maths lesson though. For centuries women have done needlework. Linen is the best fabric to have on your skin if you tend to overheat, and this cover is breathable but warm. There are few embroidery shops in Cape Town and little choice of linens, most are Zweigart from DMC. Your email address will not be published. While thread count is suitable to describe bed linen, fabric density is used to measure thicker woven textiles like sofa cushions, bedspreads, throws, and blankets. The count is only a little higher (the density of the threads per cm is only a little more than the linen in the first photo) but the individual threads are so thick that there aren’t any “holes” between the warp and the weft. I was confused by the European count method when I first began embroidering and had no idea what the equivalent to U.S. thread count was! 16 threads/cm (40 count) white linen from Luzine Happel. It was iven used for books and for a type of body armour. Linen is a material made from the fibres of the flax plant. Linen is a bast fiber. Liebe Grüße, So no, I’m not talking about Aida here. It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. From this the linear density is calculated from the weight and length of the skein. Length: 18 to 30 inch in length. It is usually expressed in grams per cubic centimeter. Hi Sharon, This approach has been used by Pénicot [PEN 98] with the Kozeny–Carman model (see section 5.4.3 ) validated across a range of packing densities from 0.2 to 0.7. Strength: An important property of linen is its strength. You can contact Chantel James by clicking on the “Contact” link on the home page. Please let me know and I could send a tiny sample so you can see if it’s fine enough… As for price,you’re right it isn’t preiswert! Linen is a durable fiber, as is two-three times as strong as cotton. In Len.Ok linen sheets we have this measurement of 66 yarns per inch (260 per meter) THREAD DENSITY I would also love to find a good quality cotton muslin of the same thread count. Kathy. A second measurement that is extremely important to understand when looking at textiles is fabric density. To contact Luzine Happel go to her home page and scroll down to the very bottom. It’s very stiff even after I wash it by hand and air dry it. NeS (Woollen Count or Yorkshire Skein): The number of 256 yards (234 m) lengths per 1 pound (0.45 kg) of yarn. It helps compare which of these are suitable for use in summer or winter: the higher the number, the heavier the product, and the more suitable it will be for colder months. Unfortunately I don’t know italian and I believe the shipping could be prohibitive to here. LG, Kathy. The highest count I own is 40 per inch, but I know one can get 55ct from a few UK on-line stores, only it’s really quite pricey at about 20 Euros for a fat quarter! Ideas of where to buy linen online – if you don’t have a needlework store in your area? Hi Wendi, Left 16 threads/cm Right 20 threads/cm both from Luzine Happel. Linen fabric is made from the cellulose fibers that grow inside of the stalks of the flax plant, or Linum usitatissimum, one of the oldest cultivated plants in human history. So a linen with a “count of 12 is a much looser weave that linen with a count of 50, for example. It has a tenacity of 5.5 to 6.5 gm/den. I so enjoy your blog posts. It has an elongation at break of 2.7 to 3.5 %. Linen fabric has a number of properties, that makes it highly useful for various applications, in industry, in home furnishings and apparels. Although many countries use the metric system, the density is almost always measured in inch. You can see the pins in the fabric showing where the top and bottom of 1 cm in length. Another thing that stores will do is call something ‘Belgium or Irish linen” but it’s more of a generic term than actual linen from those areas.I called one online store and asked about the Ulster linen that they sold, questioning the country of origin. Vintage linen is very desirable, it’s soft and the feeling is very hard to replicate by any mechanical process. Might work for those of you in Europe though. There are very few resources for those of us who enjoy surface embroidery more than other types of needlework. Price: $14.26 FREE Shipping on your first order. Physical properties of linen fibers are given below: Tensile Strength: Linen is a strong fiber. Lovely, lovely linen. Liebe Grüße, You didn’t say directly, but I assume one can buy linen from Broderie Bayeux? 12 threads/cm natural linen from Sophia Passion. Sophie Passion, I order from Philipa too but haven’t tried the linen twill from Sue Hawkins. In the photo above, you see linen I ordered from Luzine Happel. Liebe Grüße, She says in her book, Basic Principals of Schwalm Whitework, “…your time and efforts deserve the very best fabric”. I generally only use what I already have these days, so I certainly won’t be buying that much in comparison to many keen stitchers.=). But the GSM and cover factor also depend on the thread density. Liebe Grüße, Linen is a textile made from hairs of the flax plant. (Fäden=thread in German), If I was purchasing that same linen in the USA it would say “40 count linen” on the label. We are discussing in details the linen properties below: Linen Properties. I started cross stitching on Aida but found evenweave / linen and switched and never went back. The source I found was Vetty Creations in Australia. Or maybe the linen from Borderie Bayeux? I know it takes time to set it up but it sure would be helpful and, who knows!, it might boost their sales The following equations are based on a rule-of-mixtures approach assuming a solid material (i.e. There are two varieties: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. I’ll use it for my next Bayeux Tapestry replica. Kathy. (To figure out the cm to inches count , multiply the threads per cm by 2.54 and you will have the threads per inch. Liebe Grüße’ GSM stands for grams per square meter; it’s a measure of the density of a towel. This is probably the best way to see the quality of the fabric. (It is expensive!) It would be beautiful but you’ve made me hungry for oatmeal now…with raisins and maybe a touch of good old fashioned American brown sugar. Yvette was very helpful and pointed me to Italian embroidery sites that appear to have a lovely selection of linens in many colours. It was wonderful to see the close-up photos of the threads in the different linens. Weft = threads that run horizontally. ... Linen's cool and comfortable wearing properties have made it a favourite summer fabric for millennia. The link is:, Hi Sharon, The strength is greater than cotton fiber. Kathy. Kathy. lol I love doing reproduction samplers. I don’t get through that many projects in a year. I wish that the online shop owners would take advantage of the technology to show us the linen up close with some kind of ruler next to the threads so we would have a better idea of what we were ordering. I was told with a chidding snicker ” I don’t know where its from.” Well! The linen on the left is the linen I am using. I mainly use linen twill which I buy online from UK sources (Crewel Works Co.,(very beautiful oatmeal color and super quality), Sue Hawkins (she uses a golden-tinted finer linen twill made in Belgium that I really like), and another source that I thought was of lesser quality (Lenham Needlecraft).

density of linen

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