Autumn and winter are the perfect seasons to concentrate on one of the easiest methods of making new plants for free – hardwood cuttings. Hardwood cuttings are just that…stems that are mature and can look after themselves. A softwood cutting is from new growth of woody plants (usually in the spring or early summer). These are cuttings that you take when the stems have become hard and woody. They are generally easier to work with than the earlier softwood cuttings. Here a rooting hormone is definitely recommended. Currants can be propagated from hardwood (fully mature, dormant wood taken in late winter) and semi-~TildeLink()s (partially mature wood of current season's growth, taken mid- July to first freeze). Common examples of shrubs and soft fruit bushes raised from ~TildeLink()s are Privet, Willow, Dogwood, Blackcurrant, Redcurrant and Gooseberry. Heel: A small piece of bark at the bottom of a cutting when it is removed from the main stem. Many climbers can be propagated by hardwood cuttings: Vitis (vines), Lonicera (honeysuckle), Jasminum, and Parthenocissus. Plant Propagation Techniques There are several plant propagation techniques and this article covers the plant propagation technique of using heel cuttings. Growing plants from cuttings is a great method of propagation. Cuttings are used as a method of asexual reproduction in succulent horticulture, commonly referred to as vegetative reproduction. The following autumn the cuttings should have rooted and can be planted out or potted on as required. The propagation of woody plants by hardwood stem cuttings is, by definition, limited to deciduous subjects which are designated as being in the dormant condition and therefore leafless. I like the liquid because all you have to do is adjust the amount of water you add depending on whether you are propagating softwood or hardwood cuttings. In summer, you can take cuttings from tender perennials and shrubs to propagate them. Hardwood Cuttings Hardwood cuttings are generally used in propagating deciduous shrubs and trees such as grapes, soft-wooded trees like willows and poplars, and bushes such as gooseberries and currants. CallUrl('gardening>allinfo-about>comhtml',0), ~TildeLink()s are taken from healthy, fully ripened growth from the current year. CallUrl('www>lewisgardens>comhtm',0), Take ~TildeLink()s. Sow sweet peas for an early display the following year. Select vigorous healthy shoots that have grown in the current year. Softwood cuttings are a good choice because the stem is not too young and prone to drying out yet not as tough and slow-growing as a hardwood cutting. Trees, including: Platanus (plane), Populus (poplars) and Salix (willow). times, RHS Registered Charity no. 222879/SC038262, Select vigorous healthy shoots that have grown in the current year, Cut into sections 15-30cm (6in-1ft) long, cutting cleanly above a bud at the top, with a sloping cut to shed water and as a reminder which end is the top, Cut straight across at the base below a bud or pair of buds and dip the lower cut end in a hormone rooting powder (this promotes root formation, it also contains a fungicide, protects against rotting). Semi-ripe cuttings are normally taken from plants during the early to mid summer months. Growing plants from cuttings is an excellent way to fill your garden with lush flowers, herbs, and other plants without spending any money. Wood is called semi-hardwood when it is not soft and new, but … Water well and allow to drain. CallUrl('garden>lovetoknow>comgardeners>comhtml',1), Hydrangeas propagate easily from ~TildeLink()s taken in late winter or from softwood cuttings in early summer. The above method of propagation by cuttings is for softwood cuttings done from June until about the end of August. Winter is the time for taking hardwood cuttings. CallUrl('easttexasgardening>tamu>edu<2014<05<06thegardenhelper>comhtml',0), ~TildeLink()sThese cuttings need no heat at all to root and are usually done in a prepared, well-drained, sheltered area of the garden. Join
the RHS today and get 12 months for the price of 9. CallUrl('www>hgtv>comgardenaction>co>ukasp',0), clematis need well drained soil, and should not be kept overly wet, especially in the winter, as this will encourage disease. Don't waste the prunings. Then in autumn and early winter, you can add hardwood cuttings to your bounty. Fruit, including: gooseberries, black, red and white currants, fig, mulberry. Although usually restricted to deciduous plants, some evergreen cuttings can be taken at the same time as hardwood cuttings including Cotoneaster, Ilex (holly), Ligustrum (privet) and Skimmia. Hardwood definition: Hardwood is wood such as oak, teak , and mahogany , which is very strong and hard . Cuttings will need to be protected from rabbits and deer if they are a local problem. Hardwood cuttings are taken from deciduous trees and plants (ones that lose their leaves in winter) when they are dormant, i.e.