Verbena hastata (American vervain, blue vervain or swamp verbena) is a flowering plant in the vervain family, Verbenaceae. Popular in the ancient world for its healing properties and, today, as an essential oil, verbena has long been associated with divinity and the supernatural. Verbenas originated in South and North America and … Blooming from early summer to fall, the blossoms open from the bottom upwards for a long-lasting display. Use this plant in moist sites as around ponds, bogs or water and rain gardens. The opposite leaves are up to 6" long and 1" across. Verbena can be propagated both by cuttings and by seed. Candelabras of slim spikes with tiny pink flowers are produced on … Cottontail rabbits eat the foliage, however, most mammals avoid its bitter taste. Verbena hastata (American Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small lavender purple flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. In NC it is found in only a few counties of the coastal, Piedmont and mountain areas. Blooms open bottom to top with only a few open at one time in mid to late summer. To collect verbena seeds, allow a few of your plant’s flowers to die off naturally on the stem. Cardinals, sparrows, and juncos eat the seeds. Native to North America. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Verbena hastata. blue vervain. The parts that grow above ground are used to make medicine. form a strategic partnership called N.C. CHECK AVAILABILITY. In addition, users can learn about the location of vouchered specimens and see images to get a better visual for each plant. It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6… If you want to be sure you get a genetic copy of the parent plant, you should grow from cuttings, as verbena seeds don’t always grow true to type. The most intense pruning will occur in early spring. Verbena hastata is a moisture loving plant that can easily adapt to dryer garden conditions in rich, loamy soil. The green to reddish stems are four-angled, often with white appressed hairs. Verbena hastata. Panicles appear candelabra-like with pencil-thin flower spikes. It is a rough, clump-forming perennial with a stiff, upright habit which typically grows 2-4' tall (less frequently to 6') on square hairy stems which typically branch above. The purple flowers occur in a candelabra-shaped panicle and are a high-value nectar plant with a long bloom season. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) Description: This is a slender, but erect, herbaceous perennial plant that is up to 5' tall. It is a herb with opposite, simple leaves which have double-serrate margins, borne on stiffly erect, branching square stems. This versatile plant comes in more than 250 perennial and annual varieties that range from vivid trailing plants with copious blooms and plants in hanging baskets to six-foot tall cottage garden accent plants. Some species formerly called verbenas now form part of the closely related genus Glandularia, which consists mainly of trailing plants with globular inflorescences. Verbena hastata × Verbena urticifolia → Verbena ×‌engelmannii Moldenke is a rare vervain hybrid known from CT, MA, NH, VT. swamp verbena. Long and short-tongued bees collect the nectar and sometimes the pollen. Typically forms colonies in the wild by both thick, slowly spreading rhizomes and self-seeding. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Plants will … A hardy variety that has a variety of beautiful colours that will add depth and texture to the garden border or plant in patio containers for garden will less space. Growing Verbena Plants. When to Cut: As desired—florets open a few at a time Fun Fact The genus name Verbena is from a Latin name for plants … Verbena (/ vərˈbiːnə /, vervain) is a genus in the family Verbenaceae. The purple flowers appear in summer. The small, tubular, blue-violet flowers bloom from the bottom up in July's heat. They have a long history of use as a medicinal remedy, as well as being dried for herbal tea. Stems are square and green or red with white appressed hairs. Commonly known as vervain or simpler’s joy. The New York Flora Atlas is a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state, as well as information on plant habitats, associated ecological communities, and taxonomy. It is a very strong plant, covered with white flowers. Leave dead stalks to provide winter interest and mulch annually with well-rotted manure or compost. Warning: blue vervain can interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy. Pollinators love them, and the blooms are long lived. They often do well in wet conditions as well, as I’ve often encountered them growing at the edge of ponds. It branches occasionally along the upper half of its length. Larval host plant for verbena moth and the common buckeye butterfly. ‘Snowflurry’ is more upright than other trailing verbenas. Easily grown in average, medium to wet soils in full sun. Verbena hastata 'Rosea' (Verbena) A great plant for adding upright accent to a border, and it flowers for ages. Blue Vervain can offer a strong upright accent to any perennial garden or prairie/savanna. What about purpletop vervain? They bloom bottom to top with only a few open at a time. Features candelabra-like inflorescences of erect, slender, pencil-like spikes (2-6" long) of tiny, tubular, 5-lobed, densely-packed, purplish-blue flowers (1/8" wide) which appear over a long July-September bloom period. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a, The calyx persists and encloses 4 oblong, reddish-brown, triangular-convex “nutlets.”. Seeds: Flowers will turn into brown nutlets. Blue vervain is a native wildflower that spreads slowly through rhizomes and self-seeding. Blue vervain (Verbena hastata) plants have been valued for generations as hardy, ornamental butterfly attractions. Verbena officinalis, the common vervain or common verbena, is the type species and native to Europe. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. In addition, the thread-waisted wasp, bee flies, thick-headed flies and golden soldier beetle are also known to all visit blue vervain. Verbena is a plant. Verbena hastata. Prev Next Pause Resume. Anti-Anxiety Relaxant. [ … Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Blue vervain is a native, perennial wildflower that grows from 2 to 5 feet tall. Plant in full sun to partial shade in average medium to wet soils and pinch the tops to encourage branching and a bushier growth habit. Verbena is a group of half-hardy to hardy herbaceous perennials, sometimes short-lived but very floriferous over several months. Verbena hastata f. rosea (Pink-Flowered Blue Vervain) is a tall, upright, clump-forming perennial adorned with spikes of small clear pink flowers borne on tall, branched, candelabra-like stems. 1/4 inch individual blooms have a blue-violet corolla with 5 spreading lobes, a short-tubular calyx with 5 narrow teeth, 4 inserted stamens, and a pistil. Gardeners looking for a flowering annual with a long blooming time and an ability to attract butterflies should consider the reliable verbena. Given the right conditions, plants will self-seed freely, but in colder regions they may need protection from frost. While verbena plants require less pruning than other herbs and perennials, they do need some occasional trimming to keep them neat and to encourage new growth. Blue Vervain Alcohol-FREE Liquid Extract, Organic Blue Vervain (Verbena Hastata) Dried Above-Ground Parts Glycerite Hawaii Pharm Natural Herbal Supplement 2 oz 4.5 out of 5 … Canada: NB , NS , ON , QC. Flowers on each spike bloom bottom to top, only a few at a time. A wonderful collection of Verbena hastata that create an abundance of flowers on tall spires with bushy deciduous foliage below. Plant database entry for Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata) with 30 images, 2 comments, and 45 data details. It is typically found in low woods, wet prairies, wet meadows and along streams. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. A great plant for pond's edge where it seeds in between sedges and rushes and cheerfully holds its own. Verbena hastata. The deep blue-violet flower spikes are a highlight of the midsummer meadow, and remain blooming for up to 2 months. The plant forms clumps of stiff upright stems with lanced-shaped leaves with toothed margins. Other bee pollinators include epoline cuckoo bees, eucerine miner bees, halictid bees, and the verbena bee (a specialist pollinator). The tall thin spikes of Blue Vervain grace the wet meadows of the US in July and August. N.C. It can grow in disturbed sites and is commonly found in moist meadows, thickets, pastures, riversides, marshes, ditches, and river-bottom prairies. Blue Vervain (Verbena hastata): This tall native species resembles V. bonariensis, but is much more tolerant of cold and moist soil, and the flowers are more blue-violet in color. FIRST IMPRESSIONS: Verbena hastata is a clumping perennial with stiff erect squarish stems… Verbena plants, known for its brightly colored blossoms and fast growth, are sun-loving and drought tolerant, making them perfect for warmer climates. In the wild, it forms colonies with slow-spreading rhizomes and self-seeds. Lance-shaped, sharply toothed, green leaves (to 6" long).Genus name comes from a Latin name used for some plants in religious ceremonies and also in medicine.Specific epithet means spear-shaped. Swamp vervain can, however, interfere with blood pressure medication and hormone therapy, and large doses cause vomiting and diarrhea. This native plant typically grows about 4’ tall, but I’ve grown them well over 6’ (2m). Verbena hastata is a short-lived perennial that readily self sows where happy. Because there … The Garden wouldn't be the Garden without our Members, Donors and Volunteers. The majority of the species are native to the Americas and Asia. Can be short-lived. It can be recognized by its flowering spikes 4–6.5 mm wide with overlapping, but not crowded, flowers, and corolla tinged with blue. May self-seed in gardens in optimum growing conditions. Blue vervain. It has been used for many years as a medicinal herb for treating convalescents and people suffering from depression, headaches, jaundice, cramps, coughs and fevers. Do not eat any part of this plant if this applies to you! The toothed, lance shaped leaves progress in pairs up the stem and are about 6 inches long by 1 inch wide. Mainly known for its use as a medicinal herb, blue vervain (Verbena hastata) grows 2 to 6 feet tall and blooms July to September. Verbena hastata, commonly called blue vervain, is a Missouri native perennial which commonly occurs in wet meadows, wet river bottomlands, stream banks, slough peripheries, fields and waste areas throughout the State except for the Ozark region where it is uncommon (Steyermark). Grow Verbena bonariensis in moist but well-drained soil in full sun.

verbena hastata plants

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