I live in (West) Vancouver BC , and in a huge windstorm in 2006, this tree was blown down. Second, the wood is not easily damaged by extreme foraging for two reasons, the short thorns on many trees discourage some foraging, but you also have a wonderful hidden asset, even if the tree is completely stripped of bark by winter foraging deer, the runners and underground storage of food insures it will grow back even stronger the following season, not just stronger but often taller and with friends. Several cultivars exist but 'Frisia' seems to be one of the most planted ones. Root suckers arise spontaneously from the extensive root system of trees … [12] Black locust has been listed as invasive in Connecticut and Wisconsin, and prohibited in Massachusetts. In 1900, the value of Robinia pseudoacacia was reported to be practically destroyed in nearly all parts of the United States beyond the mountain forests which are its home by locust borers which riddle the trunk and branches. Some of the older ones were cut down by N.Y. State in its infinite wisdom, and I was able to take out about a cord and a half as firewood. A thinning program should be initiated during year 10, cutting every second tree for firewood or wood pellet production so the remaining trees will size up (increae diameter). The wood was a bit boxy when ripped on the table saw and it planed up nice with my 15" Makita floor planer. Flavonoids in the heartwood allow the wood to last over 100 years in soil.[26]. There is an apartment complex near where I live with a huge grove of Black Locust trees. This is a huge opportunity for tree farmers living in temperate climatic zones. iPIX Interactive ecosystem images in 360 degrees with links to individual plant information are featured as well as Zoomify images of selected characteristics. The following comments where collected from a national wood products discussion forum. This is considered an asexual form of reproduction. Disease, pests, and problem resistance. In a vineyard, 1.5 to 2 feet of the post is put into the ground, depending on the soil, and two to three wires are run between the posts on which the grapevine is tied. Like the honey locust, the black locust is a fast-growing, tough tree that tolerates drought, salt, pollution and poor soil. Since then it has made its way into gardens in Africa, Asia and Australia. As a child I marveled at the coarse bark and the tall, lanky stature of these wonderful trees. In the Netherlands and some other parts of Europe, black locust is one of the most rot-resistant local trees, and projects have started to limit the use of tropical wood by promoting this tree and creating plantations. The Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) ranks among the 40 worst invasive tree species in the world. [20], Black locust is a major honey plant in the eastern US, and has been planted in European countries. Locusts are fast-growing, hardy trees that belong to the pea family Fabaceae or Leguminosae.Most of the locust species are classified into two genera – Gleditsia and Robinia.While the genus Gleditsia has 12 species, there are around ten species in the genus Robinia.The most popular among them are Robinia pseudoacacia (black locust) and Gleditsia triacanthos (honey locust). A deciduous tree, black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) was brought here from the Appalachian and Ozark Mountains for erosion control and durable wood. Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) is found throughout the United States in woodland areas and along stream banks. Black locust is a prolific seed producer, but seedlings are not common; few seeds germinate because of the impermeable seed coat. It was introduced into Britain in 1636. Carroll Co., VA 4/11/10. They are typically dog-legged. The national champs: black locust i~100" DBH Black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia, USDA zones 4 through 8) are at their best in late spring, when trailing clusters of 5-inch, fragrant flowers bloom at the tips on new branches.The flowers attract honeybees, which use the nectar to make excellent honey. Grow Food And Trees Together . [19] [31][circular reference][32], The bark, leaves, and wood are toxic to both humans and livestock. Black locust is a part of the Appalachian mixed mesophytic forests. Black locust reaches a typical height of 40–100 feet (12–30 m) with a diameter of 2–4 feet (0.61–1.22 m). These trees feed pollinators, store carbon, replace pressure treated lumber, and support other hardwood species. The wood is extremely hard, being one of the hardest woods in Northern America. The black locust tree is one of the most popular types of locust trees, probably because it has so many uses and is so easy to grow. I agree with others that Black Locust should really be promoted for all its potential uses. In fact, old telegraph lines still have their original poles sticking out of the ground 150 years later. [10] In South Africa, it is regarded as a weed because of its suckering habit.[13]. Black locust is a legume with root nodes that, along with bacteria, "fixes" atmospheric nitrogen into the soil. In this sense, black locust can often grow as a weed tree. About Purple Robe Trees. Although virtually forgotten, the benefits of the Black Locust tree and Black Locust wood are seemingly endless; long-life in the ground, bee-attracting flowers for honey production, the highest tensile beam strength of any American tree including Ironwood, ability to reclaim land and stabilize erosion-prone hillsides because of a rebar-like interlacing root system, improves soil by fixing plant loving nitrogen to its roots and one of the highest BTU (British Thermal Unit) – (Utah State University). The flowers tend to last longer than on the wild tree. Black locust does not do well on compacted, clayey or eroded soils. Locust is incredibly crooked in its “natural” form, and so seed selection, and sometimes pruning, is a critical factor for success. According the EPA (Environmental Protection Agency), the main ingredient for pressure treated lumber is chromated copper arsenate (CCA), a type of arsenic, which is a carcinogenic. Black locust Robinia pseudoacacia Black locust is native to the southern Appalachians and the Ozarks, where it occurs on slopes and forest edges. It still works today, although the fire has been replaced with a blowtorch. It grows best in full sun with moderate moisture. It also often spreads by underground shoots or suckers, which contributes to the weedy character of this species. In some countries, Black Locust is being promoted as an alternative to tropical hardwoods; many of which are endangered. That was 15 years ago. Growing black locust trees is easy, but they can become weedy if you aren’t diligent about removing suckers. Attractive white spring flowers. Most natural reproduction is vegetative by means of root suckering and stump sprouting. Locust leaf miner Odontota dorsalis attacks the tree in spring and turns the leaves brown by mid summer, it slows the growth of the tree but not seriously. Most legumes have pea-like flowers with distinctive seed pods. Native geographic location and habitat. [14] This makes removal of black locust difficult as the suckers need to be continually removed from both the trunk and roots or the tree will regrow. Looking for a faster return on investment? Black locust is a nitrogen-fixing tree that prefers disturbed habitat, old fields, thickets and degraded woods. Black locust trees typically flower for 10-20 days in May or June, approximately one month after the leaves emerge. [17] The locust borer Megacyllene robiniae larvae carve tunnels into the trunk of the tree and make it more prone to being knocked down by the wind. I’m a 75 year old (ouch) amateur cabinet maker and have just completed a desk using this wood, and before that a six foot long sideboard. Growing locust trees is easy and they adapt well to lawn and street conditions. [17] The shallow, aggressive roots help hold onto the soil; the tree grows quickly and on poor soils due to its ability to fix nitrogen. After a bad ice storm toppled a few, my father cut all but one for firewood (the rest cracked and split as they came down). It can be easily propagated from roots, softwood, or hardwood[7][17] and this allows for easy reproduction of the plant. Its importance as a non-toxic chemical free wood cannot be understated given the present state of the environment and water quality across the country. This means manual harvesting of flowers, eliminating the seeds and boiling the petals with sugar, in certain proportions, to obtain a light sweet and delicate perfume jam. These colonies may form dense thickets which shade out competition. I was fascinated by your blog on this tree, which I’m in love with. It lasts longer than pressure treated wood, and it does not leak harmful chemicals into the soil as pressure treated wood does, such as arsenic, which can be absorbed by the plant and therefore into the fruit. The black locust is native from Pennsylvania to northern Georgia and westward as far as Arkansas and Oklahoma, but has been widely spread in other areas of the world. The black locust is native to the eastern United States, but the exact native range is not accurately known[9] as the tree has been cultivated and is currently found across the continent, in all the lower 48 states, eastern Canada, and British Columbia. Black Locust trees have a narrow crown that tends to become bushy as the tree ages. In Romania the flowers are sometimes used to produce a sweet and perfumed jam. The main trunk also has the capability to grow sprouts and will do so after being cut down. Heart rot is the only significant disease affecting black locust. Call Cold Stream Farm in Michigan to order Black Locust Trees. My parents have several dozen large trees on their property. All photographs and text ©2013 by Will Cook unless otherwise noted. I have taken a few sprigs from the ground (they seem to spread like weeds!) [7], Robinia is a native North American genus, but traces of it are found in the Eocene and Miocene rocks of Europe.[8]. Transplants easily to any soil and climate even under the toughest conditions. Black Locust can be a really fast growing tree. Its seeds are also eaten by bobwhite quail and other game birds and squirrels. If you haven't seen it, picture the grain of oak and color it with gold and add a glow that shifts in the light. And so far, we have had less attack by insects and fungus compared to oak, walnut, persimmon, and pine. The pods turn a deep brown in fall and are full of oval, brown seeds. Symptoms usually occur about 1 hour following consumption, and immediate veterinary attention is required. As the strongest timber in North America, these trees helped build early Colonial towns and hardened the navy (along with ironwood) that decided the War of 1812, yet today few Americans have heard of it. Assuming you are clear to work with Black Locust, it’s important to consider the genetic stock you source trees from, especially if your goal is to grow straight poles or trees that can be milled for lumber. [4] Another common name is false acacia,[5] a literal translation of the specific name (pseudo meaning fake or false and acacia referring to the genus of plants with the same name). It may also resemble Styphnolobium japonicum, which has smaller flower spikes and lacks spines. Some of these poles are still in use today; as sound as the day they were driven into the ground. [7][17] The seeds are produced in good crops every year or every other year. Black Locust Tree Plantations. [6] Jesuit missionaries apparently fancied that this was the tree that supported St. John in the wilderness, but it is native only to North America. Weather conditions can have quite an effect on the amount of nectar collected, as well; in Ohio for example, good locust honey flow happens in one of five years.[21]. The entire Province/State is coloured, regardless of where in that Province/State it occurs. Start your Black Locust tree plantation with ten foot tall black locust tree seedlings. European governments are leading the way by blocking the importation of tropical wood, in an effort to curb log poaching and unsustainable harvesting. Although similar in general appearance to the honey locust, the black locust lacks that tree's characteristic long branched thorns on the trunk, having instead the pairs of short prickles at the base of each leaf; the leaflets are also much broader than honey locust. 'Unifoliola', a plant with fewer leaflets, no prickles, and a shorter height. The extreme resistance to rotting is perhaps the black locust's best-known attribute, and it was on poles of black locust that the first buildings were erected. Biology. Hard to work? [17] Black locust is also attacked by Chlorogenus robiniae, a virus which causes witch's broom growths, clear leaflet veins are a symptom of the disease. If anyone has any of these trees, keep them standing; take deadwood or storm knockdowns. Range map for Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) PLEASE NOTE: A coloured Province or State means this species occurs somewhere in that Province/State. Black Locust: Black locust trees (Robinia pseudoacacia), also known locally as “Chicago blues,” is a fast-growing tree that does not get quite as tall as the honey locust. Black locust blossoms produce such delicious honey that the trees where introduced to Europe about 40 years ago (however, it blooms only 10 days per year, making the honey rare as well as delicious). For example, within the western United States, New England region, northern California, and in the Midwest, black locust is considered an invasive species. Although the EPA has restricted the use of these chemicals for residential use, CCA is still used heavily by the industrial and agricultural sectors. I have gotten it for only slightly more than the price of oak. It is also a fast growing pioneer tree here in the northeast - meaning it's one of the first species to appear in fields left fallow. [14] Exceptionally, it may grow up to 52 metres (171 ft) tall[15] and 1.6 metres (5.2 ft) diameter in very old trees. Apparently acacia, as many call it, was planted along the Fraser River as fuel for the paddle wheelers in the 19th Century, and is occasionally milled around here. Black locust trees can reach heights of 70 to 80 feet but are more often 30 to 50 feet tall. The key mechanism here is to make sure it is properly stacked and dried; this will keep spitting during burning to a low level. In late May/early June the perfume is amazing. Shelled seeds are safe to harvest from summer through fall, and are edible both raw and/or boiled. Depending on market conditions, Black Locust tree plantations gross between $30,000 and $50,000 per acre in year 30 and double that in year 50. I have about 20 cords of Locust logs from a land-clearing job we did last summer. [35], Medicinal and Poisonous Plants of Southern and Eastern Africa – Watt and Brandwijk, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012.RLTS.T19891648A20138922.en, Southern Research Station (www.srs.fs.fed.us), "black locust: Robinia pseudoacacia (Fabales: Fabaceae (Leguminosae)): Invasive Plant Atlas of the United States", "PCA Alien Plant Working Group – Black Locust (Robinia pseudoacacia)", "GENETICALLY MEDIATED LEAF CHEMISTRY IN INVASIVE AND NATIVE BLACK LOCUST (ROBINIA PSEUDOACACIA L.) ECOSYSTEMS", "UN Food & Agriculture Organization's notes on Black Locust", "OSU: Managing Your Woodlot for Firewood", "Robinia pseudoacacia 'Tortuosa' – Plant Finder", "Black Locust: A Multi-purpose Tree Species for Temperate Climates", "Natural product agonists of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ): A review", Black locust – US Forest Service Silvics Manual, Black locust – Invasive species: Minnesota DNR, European Forest Genetic Resources Programme, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robinia_pseudoacacia&oldid=991926498, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Articles with unsourced statements from September 2019, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2007, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2019, Articles lacking reliable references from September 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 'Decaisneana' has been considered a cultivar but is more accurately a hybrid (, ‘Frisia’, a selection with bright yellow-green leaves and red prickles, is occasionally planted as an.

where do black locust trees grow

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