Among the more important tertiary educational institutes are the University of Auckland, Auckland University of Technology, Massey University, Manukau Institute of Technology and Unitec New Zealand. Of the total population, 269,367 people (20.0%) were aged up to 15 years, 320,181 (23.8%) were 15 to 29, 605,823 (45.0%) were 30 to 64, and 150,720 (11.2%) were 65 or older. Europeans make up the plurality of Auckland's population, however substantial numbers of Māori, Pacific Islander and Asian peoples exist as well. [92] Some of the demand for new housing at this time was attributed to the 43,000 people who moved into Auckland between June 2014 and June 2015.[93]. [108], The Auckland Harbour Bridge, opened in 1959, is the main connection between the North Shore and the rest of the Auckland region. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. Auckland has various small regional airports and Auckland Airport, the busiest of the country. [6] The word Tāmaki itself generally meaning an omen.[7]. This substantial increase in population will have a major impact on transport, housing and other infrastructure that are, particularly in the case of housing, already considered under pressure. The Waitematā Harbour is home to several notable yacht clubs and marinas, including the Royal New Zealand Yacht Squadron and Westhaven Marina, the largest of the Southern Hemisphere. [91], In the lead-up to 2010, a housing crisis began in Auckland with the market not being able to sustain the demand for affordable homes. In October 2010, Manukau City mayor Len Brown was elected mayor of the amalgamated Auckland Council. South and East Auckland map Sparkling blue waters, white-sand beaches, rolling countryside, boutique wineries and the largest native rainforest in the East Auckland region. Auckland forms New Zealand's largest urban area. The city has legislation in effect to protect the remaining heritage, with the key piece of legislation being the Resource Management Act of 1991. This strong focus on Auckland has led the immigration services to award extra points towards immigration visa requirements for people intending to move to other parts of New Zealand. Get directions, maps, and traffic for Auckland, Auckland. Map of Auckland area hotels: Locate Auckland hotels on a map based on popularity, price, or availability, and see Tripadvisor reviews, photos, and deals. Manufacturing is the largest employer in the Henderson-Massey, Howick, Māngere-Ōtāhuhu, Ōtara-Papatoetoe, Manurewa and Papakura local board areas, retail trade is the largest employer in the Whau local board area, while professional, scientific and technical services are the largest employer in the remaining urban local board areas. A number of arts events are held in Auckland, including the Auckland Festival, the Auckland Triennial, the New Zealand International Comedy Festival, and the New Zealand International Film Festival. [70] The Viaduct Basin, on the western edge of the CBD, hosted two America's Cup challenges (2000 Cup and 2003 Cup). [130] The 2006 Auckland Blackout interrupted supply to the CBD and many inner suburbs after an earth wire shackle at Transpower's Otahuhu substation broke and short-circuited the lines supplying the inner city. 3-Day Private All-Inclusive Luxury North Island Tour of New Zealand - Multi-day Coach Tour - Auckland.Starting from $4400.00 per person.. In the early 1860s, Auckland became a base against the Māori King Movement,[25] and the 12,000 Imperial soldiers stationed there led to a strong boost to local commerce. Brown did not stand for re-election in the 2016 mayoral election, and was succeeded by successful candidate Phil Goff in October 2016. [26] This, and continued road building towards the south into the Waikato, enabled Pākehā (European New Zealanders) influence to spread from Auckland. It is not contiguous; the section from Waiwera to Whangaparaoa Peninsula is separate from its nearest neighbouring suburb of Long Bay. [67] Nonetheless, Auckland ranked third in a survey of the quality of life of 215 major cities of the world (2015 data).[68]. Auckland has at least 14 large lava tubes which run from the volcanoes down towards the sea. On the eastern coastline of the North Shore, where the Rangitoto Channel divides the inner Hauraki Gulf islands from the mainland, there are popular swimming beaches at Cheltenham and Narrow Neck in Devonport, Takapuna, Milford, and the various beaches further north in the area known as East Coast Bays. Private charter small group tour! Auckland's population of ex-soldiers was far greater than that of other settlements: about 50 percent of the population was Irish, which contrasted heavily with the majority English settlers in Wellington, Christchurch or New Plymouth. The city is supplied from Transpower's national grid from thirteen substations across the city. [118] The rail upgrade has included electrification of Auckland's rail network, with electric trains constructed by Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles commencing service in April 2014. Getting around Auckland Destinations . Tourism in Auckland yields strong revenue for the New Zealand economy. Some of the cones and flows have been partly or completely quarried away. The 2017 World Masters Games were held at a number of venues around Auckland. For the wider region, see, Metropolitan area in North Island, New Zealand. Bus services in Auckland are mostly radial, with few cross-town routes. Major markets include those held in Ōtara and Avondale on weekend mornings. [82] The per-capita GDP of Auckland was estimated at NZ$58,717, the third-highest in the country after the Taranaki and Wellington regions, and above the national average of NZ$54,178. Many Auckland beaches are patrolled by surf lifesaving clubs, such as Piha Surf Life Saving Club the home of Piha Rescue. [33], Auckland lies on and around an isthmus, less than two kilometres wide at its narrowest point, between Mangere Inlet and the Tamaki River. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. Today, Vector owns and operates the majority of the distribution network in urban Auckland, with Counties owning and operating the network south of central Papakura. Auckland, in New Zealand's North Island, is a multi-cultural hub of food and wine, music, art and culture. [99] Twenty councillors make up the remainder of the Auckland Council governing body, elected from thirteen electoral wards. All surf lifesaving clubs are part of the Surf Life Saving Northern Region. continued road building towards the south, National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, removal of restrictions directly or indirectly based on race, Demographics of Auckland § Future growth, New Zealand International Comedy Festival, National Museum of the Royal New Zealand Navy, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Globalization and World Cities Research Network, electrification of Auckland's rail network, Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles, "Punters love City of Sails - National - NZ Herald News", "Population density: are we talking about the same thing? [11][12], The isthmus was settled by Māori circa 1350, and was valued for its rich and fertile land. A new suburb, Stonefields, has been built in an excavated lava flow, northwest of Maungarei / Mount Wellington, that was previously used as a quarry by Winstones. Private vehicles are the main form of transportation within Auckland, with around seven percent of journeys in the Auckland region undertaken by bus in 2006,[111] and two percent undertaken by train and ferry. To get to Auckland Airport, from the city, drivers should take the southern motorway until the Gilles Avenue exit and then follow the airport signs or aircraft arrows. [103], The city is home to some of the largest schools in terms of students in New Zealand, including Mt Albert Grammar School, the second largest school in New Zealand with a student population of 3035,[104] and Rangitoto College in the East Coast Bays area, the largest school in New Zealand with 3307 students as of March 2020. The greater Auckland urban area—as it is defined by Statistics New Zealand—spans 1,102.9 square kilometres (425.8 sq mi)[3] and extends to Waiwera in the north, KumeÅ« in the north-west, and Runciman in the south. This map provides ICB Conference delegates with key locations around Auckland. [116] Auckland is connected with other cities through bus services operated by InterCity. Parliament met in what is now Old Government House on the University of Auckland's City campus. Freight usually arrives at or is distributed from the port via road, though the port facilities also have rail access. The trend is for the latest eruptions to occur in the northwest of the field. The Auckland urban area has a population of 1,470,100 people according to Statistics New Zealand's June 2020 estimate, which is 28.9 percent of New Zealand's population. This is a list of suburbs in the Auckland metropolitan area, New Zealand, surrounding the Auckland Central Business District.They are broadly grouped into … [90] Auckland has been described as having 'the most extensive range of timbered housing with its classical details and mouldings in the world', many of them Victorian-Edwardian style houses. Auckland's port handled 31 percent of the country's container trade in 2015. They also allowed further massive expansion that resulted in the growth of suburban areas such as the North Shore (especially after the construction of the Auckland Harbour Bridge in the late 1950s), and Manukau City in the south. Several islands of the Hauraki Gulf are administered as part of the Auckland Region, though they are not part of the Auckland urban area. The icon links to further information about a selected division including its population structure (gender, age groups, age distribution, religion, country of birth, ethnic group). The passing of the Energy Companies Act 1992 saw all three EPBs corporatised to become Power New Zealand, Mercury Energy, and Counties Power respectively. One Tree Hill (Maungakiekie) Natural Feature. The journey to/from the central business district takes around 45 minutes. [121] In terms of international flights, Auckland is the second-best connected city in Oceania. There are frequent services to Australia, and to other New Zealand destinations. Auckland Area Map. Visit the West Coast's black-sand beaches, explore one … [4] It is located in the Auckland Region—the area governed by Auckland Council—which includes outlying rural areas and the islands of the Hauraki Gulf, resulting in a total population of 1,717,500. The Auckland Philharmonia Orchestra is the city and region's resident full-time symphony orchestra, performing its own series of concerts and accompanying opera and ballet. [4] Auckland is a diverse, multicultural and cosmopolitan city, home to the largest Polynesian population in the world. Auckland, because of its large population, is covered by 22 general electorates and three Māori electorates,[100] each returning one member to the New Zealand House of Representatives. © Jon Sparks / Alamy Stock Photo. The isthmus on which Auckland resides was first settled c. 1350 and was valued for its rich and fertile land. [129] The five-week-long 1998 Auckland power crisis blacked out much of the CBD after a cascade failure occurred on four underground cables in Mercury Energy's sub-transmission network. The plan aims to free up to 30 percent more land for housing and allows for greater intensification of the existing urban area, creating 422,000 new dwellings in the next 30 years. Economic deregulation in the mid-1980s led to dramatic changes to Auckland's economy and many companies relocated their head offices from Wellington to Auckland. Ferry travel is a common type of public transport for some Auckland destinations. Additionally, Auckland regularly hosts the New Zealand Symphony Orchestra and Royal New Zealand Ballet. Centred on the Auckland metropolitan area, it also includes a large rural area, stretching as far north as the Wellsford district. [28], The boundaries of Auckland are imprecisely defined. The Auckland Art Gallery is the largest stand-alone gallery in New Zealand with a collection of over 15,000 artworks, including prominent New Zealand and Pacific Island artists, as well as international painting, sculpture and print collections ranging in date from 1376 to the present day. [77] The Auckland Darts Masters was held annually at The Trusts Arena from 2015 to 2018. Auckland Airport is 21 km (13 miles) south of the city behind Manukau Harbour. Auckland has four railway lines (Western, Onehunga, Eastern and Southern). [42], Auckland occasionally suffers from air pollution due to fine particle emissions. Auckland was one of the original nine towns and cities in New Zealand to be supplied with natural gas when the Kapuni gas field entered production in 1970 and a 340 km long high pressure pipeline from the field in Taranaki to the city was completed. [citation needed] Tourist attractions and landmarks in Auckland include: Auckland Council maintains relationships with the following cities[134], This article is about the urban area. There are also three racecourses within the city - (Ellerslie and Avondale for thoroughbred racing, and Alexandra Park for harness racing). Auckland city - includes, The Sky Tower, Viaduct Harbour & Auckland's beaches, Mt Eden, One Tree Hill, Devonport and Takapuna.Further afield is the Hauraki Gulf including Rangitoto and Waiheke Islands. A fourth racecourse is located at Pukekohe, straddling the boundary between Auckland and the neighbouring Waikato Region. Best Western Ellerslie International Motor Inn. Pickup in Auckland … [61] However, subdividing such properties with 'infill housing' has long been the norm. The city's population grew fairly rapidly, from 1,500 in 1841 to 3,635 in 1845,[26] then to 12,423 by 1864. The city is served by Auckland Airport, which handles around 2 million international passengers a month. [1] 135,000 yachts and launches are registered in Auckland, and around 60,500 of the country's 149,900 registered yachtsmen are from Auckland,[69] with about one in three Auckland households owning a boat. West Auckland from Mapcarta, the free map. Auckland is classified by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network as a Beta + world city[80] because of its importance in commerce, the arts, and education. [citation needed]. [123] With public transport declining heavily during the second half of the 20th century (a trend mirrored in most Western countries such as the US),[124] and increased spending on roads and cars, New Zealand (and specifically Auckland) now has the second-highest vehicle ownership rate in the world, with around 578 vehicles per 1000 people. Auckland is one of the few cities in the world to have a harbour on each of two separate major bodies of water. Found this useful? Architectural landmarks include the Harbour Bridge, the Town Hall, the Ferry Building and the Sky Tower. Auckland was connected to the Maui gas field in 1982 following the completion of a high pressure pipeline from the Maui gas pipeline near Huntly, via the city, to Whangarei in Northland.[132]. The capital was moved to the more centrally located Wellington in 1865. [44] While maritime winds normally disperse the pollution relatively quickly it can sometimes become visible as smog, especially on calm winter days.[45]. After losing its status as capital, Auckland remained the principal city of the Auckland Province until the provincial system was abolished in 1876. Auckland is a major centre of overseas language education, with large numbers of foreign students (particularly East Asians) coming to the city for several months or years to learn English or study at universities – although numbers New Zealand-wide have dropped substantially since peaking in 2003. The Māori population in the area is estimated to have been about 20,000 before the arrival of Europeans. [35][36] It is the warmest main centre of New Zealand and is also one of the sunniest, with an average of 2,003.1 sunshine hours per annum. The high pressure transmission pipelines supplying the city are now owned and operated by First Gas, with Vector owning and operating the medium and low pressure distribution pipelines in the city. In 2009 the Gallery was promised a gift[72] of fifteen works of art by New York art collectors and philanthropists Julian and Josie Robertson – including well-known paintings by Paul Cézanne, Pablo Picasso, Henri Matisse, Paul Gauguin and Piet Mondrian. [131] Transpower spent $1.25 billion in the early 2010s reinforcing the supply into and across Auckland, including a 400 kV-capable transmission line from the Waikato River to Brownhill substation (operating initially at 220 kV), and 220 kV underground cables between Brownhill and Pakuranga, and between Pakuranga and Albany via the CBD. The city's varied cultural institutions—such as the Auckland War Memorial Museum, the Museum of Transport and Technology, and Auckland Art Gallery Toi o Tāmaki—and national historic sites, festivals, performing arts, and sports activities are significant tourist attractions. State Highway 22 is a non-motorway rural arterial connecting Pukekohe to the Southern Motorway at Drury. Auckland also benefited from a surge in tourism, which brought 75 percent of New Zealand's international visitors through its airport. However, after the Second World War the city's transport system and urban form became increasingly dominated by the motor vehicle. [64], Auckland's lifestyle is influenced by the fact that while it is 70 percent rural in land area, 90 percent of Aucklanders live in urban areas[65] – though large parts of these areas have a more suburban character than many cities in Europe and Asia. Location boundaries (map) Downloads. Greyhound racing is held at Manukau Stadium. past midnight) are limited, even on weekends. That means each of Auckland’s 1,413,700 residents has an average of 66.2 square meters – less than most large Zoo animals! Many pā (fortified villages) were created, mainly on the volcanic peaks. Parnell. The growth occurred similarly to other mercantile-dominated cities, mainly around the port and with problems of overcrowding and pollution. He was re-elected for a second term in October 2013. In 2009, much of the northern and western suburbs, as well as all of Northland, experienced a blackout when a forklift accidentally came into contact with the Ōtāhuhu to Henderson 220 kV line, the only major line supplying the region. [106] As of 2007[update], there are around 50 New Zealand Qualifications Authority (NZQA) certified schools and institutes teaching English in the Auckland area.[107]. Auckland also has a total length of approximately 21,000 kilometres (13,000 mi) of rivers and streams, about 8 percent of these in urban areas. According to the 1961 census data, Māori and Pacific Islanders comprised 5 percent of Auckland's population; Asians less than 1 percent. A number of shopping centres are located in the middle- and outer-suburbs, with Westfield Newmarket, Sylvia Park, Botany Town Centre and Westfield Albany being the largest. Quay Street runs along the Waitemata Harbour front. According to the 2013 census, the primary employment industries of Auckland residents are professional, scientific and technical services (11.4 percent), manufacturing (9.9 percent), retail trade (9.7 percent), health care and social assistance (9.1 percent), and education and training (8.3 percent). Auckland, Auckland District Health Board Map, DHB Maps, DHB Map, District Health Boards, District Areas, Areas, My DHB, Ministry of Health, Government, NZ, … Meanwhile, traffic problems, the lack of good public transport, and increasing housing costs have been cited by many Aucklanders as among the strongest negative factors of living there,[66] together with crime. Immigration to New Zealand is heavily concentrated towards Auckland (partly for job market reasons).
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