Planting these specimens in the garden in late summer or early fall does not guarantee sufficient time for the plants to become established. In the fall garden, chrysanthemums are the showstoppers, blooming prolifically well after other garden plants have called it quits for the season. Established plants should be lifted and divided every two to three years. Mum plants can be split and divided in early spring if they become too large over the years. If the winter is mild, the ones in the field will overwinter as well. i love mums! First, leave the foliage on the plants until spring. I seriously loved this post! Wonderful for centerpieces with hefty blooms that make designing quick. Really helpful to know good varieties and that you don’t disbud. When we have more hoop house space, we’ll grow many more inside as wind and rain are hard on mums. Light frost can damage opening buds though so if you can protect them, do so. I could not love this post more! Each plant is hugely productive so a small amount goes a long way. From late spring to mid-summer, pinch back the tips and flower buds on all shoots to make the plant bushier and prepare it for a dramatic fall show. The general rule of thumb is to begin after all danger of frost has passed. Thank you so much for posting and sharing this incredible knowledge! Full sun forces a mum into full-blown bloom mode. xo. It may not be available in 2014. The name truly fits this type of mum, which sprouts beautiful spoon-shaped petals. I never really found them pretty. It’s too labor intensive for our small operation/team. Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. A new cultivar to us this year, but firmly in the favorites list and definitely a repeat, this very warm peachy gold bloom is superb for wedding work. It is a genus with amazing diversity, both in blooms and uses. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. Possibly one of my top five favorites of any flowers, particularly for wedding designs! We often use it before it’s fully open though and absolutely love the very warm red and gold color mixed in with other warm autumn tones. It is an early bloomer so if you’re considering it for Thanksgiving sales, make sure you have a cooler so you can hold it a week or two if needed. Buds are especially cute for boutonnieres. These hardy blooms can handle light frost without flinching and many have the same dramatic beauty of dahlias. One of my favorite places. I will try to grow better! Otherwise you may experience a high mortality rate due to root rot, rather than frost. The plants get a second hard pinch in July, pinching all the branches down to about two sets of leaves to encourage even more branching. In fact, chilly weather intensifies colors and keeps blossoms looking fresh until a hard, killing frost drops the curtain on the gardening year. 7) Honeyglow I was also thrilled to see I chose so many of the cultivators you mentioned above. The buds are huge and a true purple; great for corsages and boutonnieres. Hugs to you too, Nancy! As the spring flowers die back, the mums will fill in and hide their unattractive fading foliage. The most straightforward and fastest method is through division. Plant mums as soon as the soil warms in the spring. especially after reading this!! If you’re using a mum as a perennial, plant in early spring, or in the fall at least six weeks before the first killing frost. Mum colors include white, yellow, pink, orange, red, burgundy, cream, salmon, and bi-color. Soggy soil can cause root rot and other diseases. It’s a very productive plant and does fairly well without disbudding, though it would no doubt do better if you took the time to do so. It’s a definite “must” for anyone growing for autumn farmers markets or wholesale. However, in warm climates, the plants often appreciate some shade during the heat of the afternoon. I’m saving cuttings of my own in desperation. These flowers look very pretty when grouped with other early-blooming … Would you consider selling a few rooted cutting next spring?thanks. are herbaceous perennials in the daisy family and are stalwarts of the flowering autumn garden. This dusky purple flouncy bloom was new to us this year. 8) Coral Charm Thank you again for the education! Hi Patty – I’ve actually stopped growing mums because I decided I wanted to wrap up my season at the end of October each year, rather than push through to Thanksgiving. Thanks for such an informative post about varieties and growing techniques for these beauties! You’ve converted me – I’m crazy about mums now!! It was there that I first saw a catalog from King’s Mums. Hi there! With this fertilizer, you might only need to feed the plants once. This system works for us but may not work for every farm depending on the end consumer. Thank you for spending the time to demystify mums for me. Starts blooming Early September in the North and Mid September in the South. The buds are large and nicely colored for personal pieces like boutonnieres, corsages and hair flowers. Stems are long and it grows wonderfully as a spray with all the blooms at pretty much the same level on each stem. White mums seem to be especially prone to aphid pressure. Thank you so much for this post. Camina Red Belgian Mum® Plants are one of the best dark red varieties available for early blooming. Hooray for the reintroduction of so many beautiful heirloom varieties, and thank you for encouraging the use of in-season flowers. Instead of Hortonova, they were using 10′ long metal concrete reinfocement panels with the long sides bent down at 90 degree angles and then placed over the beds as their growing supports. All garden mum varieties have their genetically determined flowering time under natural day conditions. They are prolific blooming, easy to grow, hardy mums and are available in a huge range of colors.Hardy – Belgian Hardy Mums will over-winter in many areas with the proper care. Plant these flowers in clusters in rock gardens, along paths, or under a lawn. King’s is just gonna have to ramp up production after this post 🙂. As flowers became bred to withstand long distance shipping and rough handling in super markets, the thousands of unique mum cultivars available got nit picked over until only a handful of super sturdy (boring) button mums and even fewer “football” mums remained in mass production for cutting. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. In addition to cold hardy varieties, there are early, mid and late blooming varieties of mums. and you never know…maybe next year the dreaded gladiola will make a comeback :)))), Too funny, Betsy! This flower is very closely related to Scilla (Blue Siberian Squills). Maybe that will get you the number of growing days you need for more blooms. we never order mums – but these I want! Usually rooted cuttings aren’t as robust as a typical baby transplant so they’ll need a little time in a pot first before planting out in the field. Your email address will not be published. What a beautiful site! 🙂 That being said, I think corralling the mums would work fine., Autumn Wedding at Pomme Radnor | Philadelphia | Becky & George, Morris Arboretum Wedding | Melissa + Kyle | Philadelphia PA, 5 Reasons to Have Living Walkways on a Small Farm. If we wanted earlier bloom production for some reason, we would not do this second pinch. This Is My Garden is a gardening website created by gardeners, for gardeners! Always a looker and highly productive, this little beauty tends to bloom more warm mauve than coral for us (see above photo). That means they are putting an awful lot of energy into blooming, not growing roots. This is inspiring me to plant mums next year, a flower I have previously written off 🙂. Great for bridal bouquets and centerpieces alike. 4) Seatons Ruby Hi Jennie! A very reliable producer, it’s great grown as a spray with long enough laterals that you can split the main stem apart to use smaller side stems in centerpieces. Gorgeous work…kudos to you! You can propagate mums several ways: division, seeds, and cuttings. If you choose to move the plants, do so before the first hard freeze. Leaf spots and powdery mildew are rarely fatal, but plants with other diseases should be removed and destroyed. It’s super productive and great grown as a spray. The only major pest we’ve really experienced on the mums to date are aphids. These unique plants are equally useful in the kitchen (teas, soups, salad greens, etc) as they are in combating garden pests (mums are a key ingredient in the organic insecticide, Pyrethrum). Spider mums are incredibly unique but sometimes tricky to use in wedding floral designs. 10) Seatons J Dore Two of the most common causes of premature budding that are within the growers' control are stress from lack of watering or from lack of fertilization. Give the pot a good watering until it flows out of the bottom of the pot. Other common names for these colorful fall characters are based on the shortened version (\"mums\") of the genus name. Instead, two hard pinches prove to be sufficient for getting nice blooms for wedding work. As the plants grow, they are pinched at about four or five inches tall. All of the following are available from King’s Mums. And regions with hard winter freezing can see the plants succumb to cold unless they are covered with deep mulch. Front Border, Middle Border, Container, Long Blooming. When fully open, it has a large cushion in the middle. Extreme heat can cause the plants to struggle. The chrysanthemum has long been admired as a bloom of much significance in several cultures, particularly their native homeland, China. I know, it’s truly heartbreaking. Natural-Season Flowering Average Natural-Flower Date Very Early Before Sept. 9 Early Sept. 10 to 18 Mid Sept. 19 to 26 Minngopher is ruby-red with 2" to 2-1/2" flowers. Although formerly referred to as Dendranthema morifolium, plant taxonomy now classifies chrysanthemums as Chrysanthemum morifolium. Spacing is 12″ apart, two rows in a three foot wide bed. There are over 5,000 varieties of mums in cultivation. Often called “the golden flower”, their blooms are infused with folklore the world over. Most importantly, to me at least, is that they make a very tough and long lasting cut flower. Mums set buds in response to day length, so avoid confusing them by planting where they might be exposed to bright nighttime light from a patio or window or even a streetlight. For anyone who doesn’t know, you can read more here about King’s disruption of stock: Harvesting through the netting is tough so I’m still weighing the pros and cons of different supports for cut production. Hardy from zones 4-10. They like a soil pH slightly on the acidic side. Click to see full answer. These flowers only grow about 4 inches in diameter, making it a petite mum to add to your garden that won't take up too much space. Most mums are completely root-bound when you get them. To repot, choose a container that is a little bigger than the last container. Cool weather is just what pansies prefer, blooming in cool spring weather or in the fall. Just wondering what kind of medium you plant the mum cuttings in? Patty. 🙂 Hope that helps! and so the cycle continues so we have a massive number of plants by the time we plant them out in the field (usually the first week of May). Where freezes come early, you should plant early-blooming mums. I’m in Michigan! These should be watered daily. Mix a few of these in with Apricot Alexis and Candid in a bouquet or centerpiece for instant drama and color harmony. Thanks! Definitely a keeper! You can do no wrong as a designer when Apricot Alexis is at your disposal. Early-blooming mums can be cut back or allowed to flower. Most of our mums are field grown, but about 25-30 plants go into the hoop house as well. Have you re-thought your support system for your mums yet or are you still using the netting? While working at Longwood Gardens, one of the most renown hubs for mum production in the US, I learned the fine art of disbudding and pinching for highest quality blooms. As you might expect with a flower that's been in cultivation for so long, the pedigree of garden mums is impossible to trace. Comes to Must Have Perennials from Aris Horticulture, Inc. I think this is fabulous, like Peonies of the fall. It’s a red that actually works wonderfully for weddings. We are cutting heavily from the mums from the last week of October to the third week in November. Hugs! But that sun and heat also speeds up the blooming cycle of the plant. Tough Liriope can be divided easily, some varieties produce variegated foliage. Even while loathing the many (many!) Beautiful. I would surely think Honeyglow and Lynn Johnson would be good bets for you as they bloom early. Do not prune them back after frost has turned them brown. Like all mums, it’s got a very long shelf life. When growing in a pot, water the soil surface, using a watering can, until moisture begins to drain from the bottom of the pot (make sure the pot has drainage holes). I am a home gardener and this year begin what I know is going to be a love affaire with mums. Jennie, The cushion habit of mums, a genetic discovery of Experiment Station mum breeders, was the basis for the U of M's first plant patent, in 1977, for 'Minngopher.' And when gardeners try to transplant these mums into the ground late in the season, chances are they won't make it through winter and become perennial. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Break up any roots you can, but do not damage the roots. 2) Lynn Johnson One of the only flowers I know that displays a true gold quality at the tip of its petals. Our mums are grown in black plastic with drip irrigation. When garden centers sell blooming potted mums in the fall, they are usually used as annuals and discarded when the blooms fade. It’s super productive and the best of the many whites I’ve tried over the years. I’ll put that up in the blog post as I forgot to mention it earlier. Jennie, thank you for sharing your vast mum knowledge! I use potting soil — ProMix BX to be exact. Belgian Hardy Mums are not your ordinary fall-flowering, winter-hardy chrysanthemums. 1) Apricot Alexis Some of the varieties include Icy Isle, which looks just like the yellow-and-white daisy, and the Fire Island, which consists of a yellow center and red petals that have yellow stripes. There is also a semi-double type of mum, which is very similar to the single blooms and are attractive when used in sprays. You’ve probably wrinkled your nose at the idea of mums in any bouquet other than the ones you grab at the market while shopping for dinner ingredients. You’ve probably wrinkled your nose at the idea of mums in any bouquet other than the ones you grab at the market while shopping for dinner ingredients. But maybe not next year… 🙂. these are stunning! These plants grow fast, and you should have flowers in the first growing season. Liriope is salt tolerant and deer resistant. There is one tragic downside to Apricot Alexis that is important to note. Would you say in zone 7 late March it would be okay to plant out rooted cuttings from King’s in low tunnels due to cramped indoor space? The plant is very productive and with nice long slender uniform stems. If plants are dry in the morning make sure to irrigate thoroughly and evenly. We also fertilize heavily with fish emulsion and kelp. Late-blooming cultivars flower after mid-October. These flowers can handle several soil types, but they do best in rich soil that has sharp drainage. Get ideas for decorating with mums and other plants for fall. Some mums are early bloomers, while others are mid-season bloomers or late-blooming varieties. Thank you, My second favorite mum of all time, the rich ruby red of this bloom is unlike any other I’ve seen. Tamp down the soil gently. I’m officially inspired to experiment with growing some mums next season! Mocha’s soft toffee color helps it bridge the gap between weird/funky and elegant. Established plants should not be fed after July, so new growth is not injured by frost. Our rooted cuttings from King’s are grown on in four inch pots in the heated greenhouse from March through May. I loved this blog post and bought my farm a large variety from King Mums and I am so sad to hear they won’t be able to have their season this year. Hope you have a great 2019 season! wondering if you sell seeds or plants at all? The flowers are 1" across—purple and pink varieties are on the market. Mums do best in moderate climate conditions. I just put up a post on them on my blog nothing to compare with yours, just a little ode to their beauty…all so lovely. Some signs include leaf and stem damage, webbing on the plants, and visible insects. Feed the plants before flower buds form to promote healthy roots, bud development, and a vigorous plant. Mums can make a wonderful impact in containers. Then, either mulch the plants heavily with at least 4 to 6 inches of mulch or dig up a pot, and move the plants to a more protected spot in the garden for the winter. The warm undertone of the color lets it play nicely with other warm autumn colors, even red. Those slender stems do mean that it’s prone to toppling in heavy storms. Uses & Attributes. Thank you Jenny! It’s really a great color though for fall and I prefer it to a true coral anyway. I have ordered from King’s but my plants are not great. I think I a might need to grab a few more I missed. Early and midseason varieties are ideal for areas in the middle of the country. Spider – Appropriately named for their long, curling petals that look like spiders sitting on top of stems, spider mums are one of the more unusual chrysanthemum plant types.Examples include Anastasia and Cremon. I do that with my dahlias and far prefer it over the netting! The plants were not particularly robust for us so Moira may not be the best cultivar for growers focused on wholesale production. Regular sprays are important as buds begin to form since the aphids like to snuggle down in the unfolding petals. Make no mistake, chrysanthemums thrive in full sun. Thus, a particular mum variety may be early-, midseason-, or late-blooming. As I began growing and designing for more and more weddings, many in the late weeks of autumn with the risk of frost ever present, I knew heirloom mums were the answer. You’ll never find a pink quite like this. Simply so, are Belgian mums Hardy? hours of disbudding in the greenhouse, I was incredibly inspired by their beauty and the idea of re-introducing the more unique heirloom cultivars into the cut flower industry. by Jennie Love | Nov 4, 2013 | Farming | 32 comments. I’m in Colorado in zone 5. There are many blooms on each main stem, but we can cut each large cluster apart and use the shorter side stems in centerpieces. Heat delay can cause irregularly formed flower buds, erratic flowering, deformation of the plant’s crown, and other developmental issues. Garden mums (Chrysanthemum spp.) Dear Barbara: There are early, mid-season and late mums and you can find the variety to suit your timing, but you probably will have to order it from a catalog or online nursery. Great post! They are beautiful and I have a feeling King’s Mums will be very busy taking orders. Weekly feeding with a diluted water-soluble fertilizer can prolong the blooming. Buds are also great in boutonnieres. I do not have any other mum suppliers that I have used, but you can be sure I’m currently on the hunt for some. We do not disbud at the farm. Awesome, Kelly! Make sure you have soil, not air surrounding the roots. If you’re using chrysanthemums for a pop of fall color to boost your late season garden, plant them when they’re blooming in later summer or early fall and treat them as annuals. How many cuttings per variety do you start with to propagate from and how many plants do you end up setting out from that number? ... exciting mum varieties blooming at Robin Hollow Farm yesterday afternoon. Bloom times vary with variety and climate from early September through mid-October.
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